20一七.1一.0柒 精读笔记:The Economist 171007 · Aging in 东方之珠

By admin in bet体育在线网址手机版 on 2019年4月3日

店铺现状

精读届入门小学生,贴上笔记求指正。

  1. 技术职员水平限制: 基础研究开发人士技术细节,性能处理能力欠缺,技术视野不够开阔;甚至有的高可用,高质量方案的定义都未听别人说,更别提发展势头和笔触了,令人难熬。

注:法学人2017100七,China,Aging in Hong Kong

  1. 技巧报告渠道限制:
    公司业务线暂不多,基础服务的应用面尚属狭窄;基础服务和镜像各类条件的适应性和属性不足以及时突显暴表露来,框架bug和难点选用报告周期太长,不足以连忙跟进和革新基础框架。

写在前边:

  1. 职员招聘渠道限制:
    高技能人才未中长期储备,
    各选聘渠道未能招募到适当的技术职员。一时半刻招聘也不能够在中短时间内增加补充恰好求职的适度人士。(.net
    行业余大学环境下职员自个儿也很贫乏)

  2. 人口资金预算范围:
    因公司事务的上进与现真实情况况,基础研究开发人士数量有限,人士资金预算有限;(尽管蒙受特别合适者,报酬意况仍需各方努力达到。)

农学人应该正是英语精读学习的大山,其进程对于作者那种只考过四级的人来说绝对是折磨,时间比外人长不说,往往贰个单词的情致也要查好几处资料才能完全清楚其在文中意思。虽说难受,但越到新兴投入进去之后,尤其觉精读的乐趣与波兰语文字应用的卓越纷呈。所以就算优伤,坚贞不屈下去会有得到。其余1些,单就管法学人来说,驾驭作品背后的背景知识是很要紧的。

  1. 基础开发人员培育:
    基础研究开发不一致于业务线研究开发,
    难以通过业务发展升级自个儿满足度,技术成就感,对品质和技巧的求偶。要求通过内在和外在的压力,才能有助于研究开发人士不断议论,不断汲取学习,考虑和沉淀技术,微立异,将基础服务确实下武功做好。

工具:

化解大方向

朗文词典、希腊语常用词疑难用法手册(以下用“疑难手册”代替)、谷歌翻译、欧路词典、维基百科

在驰念公司外市点的财富限制和现状,以及职员的限制和扶植,基础服务的习性供给和稳定等综合的设想,采取开源战略取向,形成开源->反馈->交流->立异的生态圈有利于消除以上公司的现状问题。

笔记截图:

若能形成开源生态圈,则能够拉动开源项目稳定性,优化开源代码,依据举报不断的进步自身的根基服务产品,吸引相关的高等技术人才保证检查项目,收缩项指标开发爱抚资产,同时晋级集团在技能领域的影响力,进步开发人士的成就感。(方今Taobao,当当网,蘑菇街,大众点评,携程,金立,拉勾网等都有一些项目开源)

笔记方法参考https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/22865274,谢谢微博@胡海涛

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*

上海教室右边为Onenote,左侧为Word,20一三本子(onenote挂靠效能很好用)

对象原则


融入开源社区,借助开源的生态能力,在点滴财富条件下更有成效验证基础服务的属性,稳定性,推动其长进。

原文:

Hong Kongis divided overhow to cope with its rapid ageing

The government worries about the impact on its coffers

Oct 5th 2017 | HONG KONG

THE chief executive of Hong Kong, Carrie Lam, says she wants to heal the
territory’s “serious” divisions.  On October 11th, in her most important
policy-related speech since she took office in July, she is expected to
announce her plans for achieving that.  One of the most bitter divides
is evident in the membership of the Legislative Council, or Legco, to
which she will deliver her proposals. There is a rift between advocates
of democracy and those who support Mrs. Lam’s government and its backers
in Beijing. But on political issues Mrs. Lam’s hands are tied. The
Communist Party opposes any concessions to democrats. Instead she will
focus on other problems—including, many Hong Kongers hope, the suffering
of the elderly in a city that is rapidly ageing. Views on how to deal
with this are nearly as divided as they are over demands for universal
suffrage.

Life expectancy in Hong Kong pips that of Japan. On average, male Hong
Kongers live for 81.3 years and women for 87.3, helped by the city’s
affluence and low incidence of smoking. That is welcome, but a huge
problem when coupled with a dwindling fertility rate which has resulted
in ever  fewer working-age people to support the elderly, and implacable
public opposition to looser controls on immigration which would allow
more workers to enter. The number of people aged 65 or older will double
to 2.4m in 2036, or just over 30% of the population, the government
reckons . Last year the proportion was less than 17%.

As their numbers swell, so do demands that the government do more to
help the elderly. But Hong Kong has always prided itself on its low
taxes and fiscal conservatism. It has consistently enjoyed budget
surpluses. Giving pensioners more money could break those principles. As
often in Hong Kong politics, the debate over what to do pitches
democrats, who generally support the idea of more handouts, against
pro-establishment politicians, who worry that Hong Kong may become less
business-friendly if it turns into a welfare state with high taxes.

Public funds for the elderly are currently aimed at those living in
poverty. For such a rich society, the poor are surprisingly numerous.
The most visible are the “cardboard grannies”, old women who collect
boxes in poor neighbourhoods to sell for recycling in order to make ends
meet. Yet many more elderly poor are hidden from view, say charity
workers. Official figures show that in 2015, more than 300,000 people
aged 65 and over, or 30% of the total, languished below the official
poverty line, which is set at a monthly income of HK$3,800 ($490).

Anyone aged 70 or over can get an allowance of at least HK$1,325 a
month. In 2015 144,000 of the very poorest among the over-65s received
higher monthly payments of at least HK$3,240 (as well as health-care
discounts and, in many cases, subsidised public housing). Others under
the poverty line as well as 244,000 above it also qualified for higher
payments, at a slightly lower rate than the amount to which the poorest
are entitled.

The system involves means-testing, which some Hong Kongers find
degrading. Past studies have concluded that over 10% of those who could
claim social security do not do so—some of them for fear of losing face.
But the handouts are a pittance. At a vast public-housing complex in
Kwun Tong district, elderly residents tell of just scraping by. One says
she eats the cheapest of noodles to economise on food. With the
power-hungry air-conditioning turned off, the heat in her flat is
stifling.

Critics call for a “universal” state pension paid out to all, regardless
of their income. Radically, some even call for tax increases to pay for
this (the majority of people in Hong Kong pay very little income tax).
They also want changes to the Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF), a
compulsory pension scheme that is privately managed. It covers about
2.8m people, or nearly three-quarters of those in work, but the jobless
fall beyond its reach. For many who are covered, payouts are low. In a
recent study, PwC, a consultancy, noted that since the MPF was set up in
2000, its annual returns had been 2.8% on average. That is above the
inflation rate, but still poor compared with similar schemes in other
rich economies.

Opponents of change express horror at Western countries’ ballooning
welfare bills. Some even say that families should shoulder the burden of
caring for the old, as is traditional in Chinese societies. The
government is in a quandary. It believes that the anger of the poor has
exacerbated conflict between democrats and the establishment. To show
its concern, it held a public consultation last year on how to ensure
“retirement protection”. But its response to the suggestions made by
participants was clear: universal pensions would be too expensive.
Boosting the means-tested system would be a better choice.


团体方式

笔记:

注:超过四分之2本身查阅的生词/词组不详细分解,只在文中单词加粗或斜体,除非需尤其表明其在上下文中语境。

集团开源技委(虚拟)

一、标题

Hong Kong is divided over how to cope with its rapid ageing

The government worries about the impact on itscoffers

分析:

主标题需注意的有多个短语:be divided over,对……意见不一;cope
with,应对。

副标题省略了有的情节,与主题指标有的内容能够作为三个分开的主从句,impact针对“its
rapid ageing”。其它,impact有水平很显著的意味,翻译时应反映。

翻译:

香岛社会对什么作答火速老龄化意见不一。

当局担心该难点对库金有光辉影响。

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二、一段落

THE chief executive of Hong Kong, Carrie Lam, says she wants tohealthe
territory’s “serious” divisions. On October 11th, in her most
importantpolicy-relatedspeech since shetook officein July, she is
expected toannounceher plans for achieving that. One of the most bitter
divides is evident in the membership of theLegislative Council, or
Legco, to which she will deliver her proposals. There is ariftbetween
advocates of democracy and those who support Mrs. Lam’s government and
itsbackersin Beijing. Buton political issuesMrs. Lam’s hands aretied.
The Communist Party opposes anyconcessionstodemocrats. Instead she will
focus on other problems—including, many Hong Kongers hope, the suffering
ofthe elderlyin a city that is rapidly ageing.Viewson how to deal with
this are nearly as divided as they are over demands foruniversal
suffrage.

背景知识:

壹、凯莉 Lam,林郑月娥,现任香江尤其行政区第5任行政长官

二、德姆ocracy/democrat:民主制度/民主人员

Pro-democracy camp:民主派,又称Pan-democracy
camp(泛民主派),与机制派相反,广义指支持香江周到推行民主及广公投举的政治人员及协会;个中部分党派也供给中国实践自民的政治革新、甘休壹党那啥(你们应该懂)。

此处尤其表达,刚伊始不打听泛民主派和机制派,所以刚起初读到“There is a
rift
between……”那句话时怎么也不明了,意思貌似看得懂,不过逻辑上很奇怪(难道大家不是3个民主社会呢?),直到查了维基,才知晓这是香江的部分党派的统称。

三、Universal suffrage:香岛普选方案

中心及香港政府允许通过的普选方案为举行间选,非完全普选方法,那也是思量当下中夏族民共和国国情建议的方案。而泛民派必要完全普选,即全体人可参加选举,不需直接公投,但那一须求不合乎当下国情,有发出区域动荡的或是。

一伍年对201七年普选方案投票时非常受反对派(即部分泛民派职员)的反对,未能通过普选方案。所以201七年香岛首脑公投依然采纳原先的格局,即由1200人构成的选出委员会投投票大选出。

分析:

一、THE chief executive of Hong Kong, 凯莉 Lam……特首也称作主任?

“executive”的名词解释有以下二种:(一)(公司或机构)经理、主管理事;(二)(统称公司或单位的)行政长官、领导层;(三)(政党的)行政部门。所以,首席执行官之用于公司,能够看作“总老总”称,用于政党单位,可视作“首席行政官”。

二、take office,就职,多用于政坛要职。

3、Views on how to deal with this are nearly as divided as they are over
demands for universal suffrage.

as……as……,等同于the same as……

be as divided as they are over
demands……,断句不应有在over前边断,思量到标题中的词组be divided
over,可见此句应为……as divided as they are / over demands……,也等于Views
on how to deal with this are nearly the same as they are divided over
demands for universal suffrage.

翻译:

林郑月娥,香岛特区行政长官,评释他盼望解决东方之珠地区的严重分裂。五月八日,她将会在自十二月到职以来最重大的政治演说中公布怎样兑现此指标的方案。她将会在立法会提议方案,但最大的龃龉就存在于委员会成员之间。在倡导民主自治的泛民派和那些援救香江及中心政坛的体制派间存在着壹道裂痕。处理政治难点时林会束手束脚,共产党反对任何对泛民派的迁就。所以她将转而关切其余难点——包涵如过江之鲫香港人希望消除的城市老龄化急忙增加带来的题材。而这两派在处理那一个标题上的顶牛,与对于普选权的争辨差不离如出1辙。

开源生态孵化规划

三、二段落

Lifeexpectancyin Hong Kongpipsthat of Japan. On average, male Hong
Kongers live for 81.3 years and women for 87.3, helped by the city’s
affluence and low incidence of smoking. That is welcome, but a huge
problem whencoupled witha dwindling fertility rate which has resulted
ineverfewer working-age people tosupportthe elderly, andimplacablepublic
opposition toloosercontrols on immigration which would allow more
workers to enter. The number of people aged 65 or older will double to
2.4m in 2036, orjust over30% of the population, the government reckons
(see chart). Last year the proportion was less than 17%.

分析:

一、That is
welcome,“welcome”有“令人欢腾的”意思,所以那是“(指前文)那是令人心潮澎湃的”的情趣

2、but a huge problem when coupled with adwindlingfertility rate which
has resulted ineverfewer working-age people to support the elderly.

dwindling,”ing”方式表明正在削减,能够用“日益收缩”一类的词代替

ever,此处用在形容词相比级前,表示“越来越……”,见“疑难用法”P2玖壹

everfewer working-age people to support the
elderly,一般翻译时译为“越来越少的适宜人口去赡养老人”,不过此地联系上下文,强调的是人口老化的增加造成了足以赡养老人的后生越来越少,而不是乐于养老老人的子弟越来越少,所以个人觉得应翻译为“能够赡养老人的熨帖人口数量越来越少”

三、double to 贰.四m in
203陆,翻译为“将会在2036年翻倍,达到240万”,翻译格局需注意。

四、Life expectancy,指平均寿命

对“life”扩充,有五个主线:生命、生活。

作“生活”讲时,掌握为广义上的“人生”,如lead a happy
life,过幸福的人生。若作为物质上的“生计”讲,则用“living”,Never get so
busy making alivingthat you forget to make alife.
为生计奔波,可别忙到忘记要过生活。

作“生活”讲时,且有形容词。前不加冠词,则仍属于广义“生活”,如city
life,城市生活;加a/an时,则意味有主观评价、心绪、意义、内涵等,表狭义,如a
hard life,费力的生活。

单复数(适用于四个意思)即使涉及到的人是复数,则用复数“lives”;但作为“共同生活”讲时,作为二个完好无损,用单数,如The
couple led a quiet life.

强调宝贵的“生命”,以界别“生活”时,可加very, 如Reputation isthe very
lifeof a company.

可指“终生时间”,假诺用作法律时,可清楚为无期徒刑,He gotlifefor
manslaughter.因杀人罪被判无期。

For the lift of…,后跟名词时,for the life of
Jesus,耶稣的一生。但如果后跟人称与主语壹致的宾格代词时,表示“无论怎么样都不”的意味或有否定意义的反问语句(反问时人称可不1致),如:

e.g.1

For the life of me, I cannot understand why the terrorists have not
attacked our food supply, because it is so easy to do.
作者无论如何都不晓得,恐怖分子为何不袭击我们的食物储藏,其实那样做是很简单的。

e.g.2

For the life of me could anyone please explain why such an excellent
show should be cancelled?

难道有哪个人能够劳驾给本身解释一下,为啥如此好的剧目要收回?

那多少个例句中,for life of me
假诺打消后,句子也通畅,加上之后表示强调之意。

翻译:

香港(Hong Kong)平均寿命比东瀛稍高,男性为8一.3虚岁,而女性为87.一虚岁,那得益于东方之珠社会富裕的生存以及低吸烟率。那是令人开玩笑的,可是假使记挂到逐步回落的生育率,3个宏大的标题就呈现出来了,它导致了足以赡养老人的恰到好处人口数量变得越来越少。此外,民众坚决反对特别宽松的移民方针,将会阻止越来越多劳力进入东方之珠。政党部门估计,61虚岁及以上年龄的人口将会在203六年翻倍,达到240万,占人口的百分之三十多。而在二零一八年,这几个比例只有17%。

一. 开源布署

四、三段落

(那一段分析是最纠结的,乍一看能看懂,但分析起来总觉得有1几个词不精晓怎么分析,所以恐怕有错误,急需高手指导)

As their numbers swell, sodo demandsthat the government do more to help
the elderly. But Hong Kong has alwaysprided itself onits low taxes
andfiscal conservatism. It hasconsistentlyenjoyedbudget
surpluses.Givingpensionersmore money could break those principles.As
often inHong Kong politics, the debate over what to dopitchesdemocrats,
who generally support the idea of morehandouts,
againstpro-establishmentpoliticians, who worry that Hong Kong may become
lessbusiness-friendlyif it turns into a welfare state with high taxes.

背景知识:

一、budget surplus ,预算盈余,政坛收入超越支出的有的;与预赤(budget
deficit)相对应。税务收入高于政坛支付的余额

贰、Pro-establishment camp,亲建制派,与pro-Beijing
camp(亲上海派)、pro-China camp
意义一样,是东方之珠的政治派别,指拥护或扶助香港(Hong Kong)特府并存体制及中共内阁的党组织政府部门和职员。包含香港民主建港联盟、自由党、新民主联合党、经三民主义同志联合会、工联、劳工联合会等。

分析:

1、Astheir numbers swell,sodo demands that the government do more to
help the elderly.

as……so……,“疑难”P77第5项说,“as前边的从句,如若贫乏成分‘how’,从背后主句能够看来为格局状语从句,此时主语以so先河,且主谓语颠倒”,抛开“贫乏成分how”这句话,其余验证能够分解,但唯独那里貌似不须求“how”,那里有思疑……

do
用于强调根本动词(《朗文当代高档匈牙利(Hungary)语词典》“do”释义三),那里强调“demand”的急切性,

demand 此处作为动词时,表示“须要”。而后跟“s”是第五人称用法。
此处应该是粗略了”it”,此主句应为名词从句,it do demands that…
放到主谓语颠倒的状语从句主句中,则应为so do demands it that…

于是此句为状语从句中套了一个名词从句,解释应为:随着他们人数的充实,急切须要政党选取越多措施补助老年人。

2、It has consistentlyenjoyedbudget surpluses.

enjoy
作为无意识的接轨状态时,可代表为“享受”的意思,常常指相比舒畅(Jennifer)或方便的享受标准,不用举行时态(参考“疑难”一书P27柒(壹))。其余“无发现”的诠释,那里的预算盈余是不完全可控的,自己精通为无心。可翻译为“Hong Kong一贯享受着预算盈余的方便。”

3、……the debate over what todo pitches democrats……

do pitches democrats怎么分析?不知情……

翻译:

随着老年人口数量的不断增多,火急供给政坛使用越多方式协助老年人。可是Hong Kong直接引以为豪的是其低税收及保守的财政政策,他们径直享受着预算盈余的便民,借使授予退休老人更加多的养老金,将大概破坏那一个策略。

一如既往地,与香江政府1样,那种争辨存在于两派之间,泛民党人员广泛同意政党部门给予更加多的拨付用于社福,而编制派人员则持相反意见,担心香港(Hong Kong)假设因为转变成多个福利型城市而致使税收扩张,那么那里将会稳步变得不便于营商。

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5、4伍段落

Public fundsfor the elderly are currentlyaimed atthose living in
poverty. For such a rich society, the poor are surprisingly numerous.
The most visible are the “cardboardgrannies”, old women who collect
boxes in poor neighbourhoods to sell for recycling in order tomake ends
meet. Yet many more elderly poor are hidden from view, say charity
workers.Official figuresshow that in 2015, more than 300,000 people aged
65 and over, or 30% of the total,languishedbelow the official poverty
line, which is set at a monthly income of HK$3,800 ($490).

Anyone aged 70 or over can get an allowance of at least HK$1,325 a
month. In 2015 144,000 of the very poorest among the over-65s received
higher monthly payments of at least HK$3,240 (as well as health-care
discounts and, in many cases,subsidised public housing). Others under
the poverty line as well as 244,000 above it also qualified for higher
payments, at a slightly lowerratethan the amount to which the poorest
are entitled.

这段除了生词短语外,未有专门需求分析的始末,间接翻译。

翻译:

老龄公共资金财产以来瞄准了那一个生活贫困的人。在那几个这么方便的地段,贫穷人口数量却多得意外。人们最普遍的是那一个“硬纸板老曾外祖母”,她们在特殊困难街区收集纸盒,卖掉以回收利用,勉强度日。不过据慈善工我所说,最近还有越多的贫乏老人生活在群众视线之外。官方数据申明,在2015年,超越30万的陆11岁及以上老人,约总人数的3/10,挣扎在贫困线以下。而贫困线的正经是月收入3800元新币(490元人民币)。

别的617周岁以上的年长者每月都足以博得至少1325美元的协理金。而二〇一四年,6六虚岁以上老人中,最贫困的14.四万人拿走了更高的援救,每月至少有3240欧元(与临床津贴与多数政坛房贴卓殊)。其它仍有贰四.50000低于贫困线的6陆虚岁以上老人,他们也有身份拿到较高的援救,只比最贫困人口协理金额略低。

一)分布式职责调度平台 (已开源,开源版本未更新最新
http://git.oschina.net/chejiangyi/Dyd.BaseService.TaskManager) 

六、六段落

The system involvesmeans-testing, which some Hong Kongers finddegrading.
Past studies have concluded that over 10% of those who could claimsocial
securitydo not do so—some of them for fear of losing face. But the
handouts are apittance. At a vastpublic-housingcomplexin Kwun Tong
district, elderly residentstell ofjustscraping by. One says she eats the
cheapest of noodles toeconomise onfood. With
thepower-hungryair-conditioning turned off, the heat in her flat
isstifling.

分析:

1、The system involves means-testing, which some Hong
Kongersfinddegrading.

degrading  释义:有辱人格的、让人羞耻的

find原意为“找到”,但有一引申义可代表“对某事物有什么感官”,后可跟宾语补足语作注解(见《疑难》P31贰)

而此句为状语从句,“which”是宾语,而“degrading”是宾语补足语

E.g.

I hope this letter finds you well.

I find this caricature highly offensive.

翻译:

以此耗费系统供给开始展览付出能力侦察,部分居民对此会觉得遭到屈辱。过去的商量注脚,超越一成的有资格取得申请社会保险金的居住者并未有如此做,他们有个别人认为丢脸。不过救济金也只是很轻微的一笔钱。在观塘的一大片有限支撑性住宅群里,老年居民告诉他们只是在勉强度日。1个人长辈说他只吃最有利的面条以节省粮食,而高耗能的空调被关门,她的旅舍里的温度令人窒息。

@车江毅 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

七、七段

Critics call fora “universal” state pensionpaid outto all,regardless
oftheir income.Radically, some even call for tax increases to pay for
this (the majority of people in Hong Kong pay very little income tax).
They also want changes to theMandatory Provident Fund (MPF), a
compulsory pension scheme that isprivatelymanaged. It covers about 2.8m
people, or nearly three-quarters of those in work, but the joblessfall
beyondits reach. For many who are covered, payouts are low. In a recent
study, PwC, a consultancy, noted that since the MPF was set up in 2000,
itsannualreturnshad been 2.8% on average. That is above theinflation
rate, but still poor compared with similar schemes in other rich
economies.

背景:

1、强制性公积金(曼达tory Provident Fund Schemes,简称强积金或MPF)
,是香港政府在2000年七月三二日专业履行的1项政策,强制Hong Kong享有雇员创制投资基金以作退休之用。目标为推进香江金融市集发展以及为东方之珠雇员退休之后多一点经济维持。

特点:

就业职员、正式离退休后的维持

失掉工作人口不在其范围以内

分析:

1、Critics call for a “universal” state pension paid out to all,
regardless of their income.

a state pension (system)
?有简短格局呢?那里指更是广泛周到的赡养抚恤金制度吗?依旧指任哪个地方区的万事的供养抚恤金?

2、They also wantchangesto the Mandatory Provident Fund (MPF), a
compulsory pension schemethat is privately managed.

那边manage的含义解释为“进行”?

“that”的的局部是“changes”的从句

3、It covers about 2.8m people,ornearly three-quarters of those in work,
but the jobless fall beyond itsreach.

瞩目此类句式中“or”的翻译方式

reach,有“影响范围”的意味

强积金制度覆盖了280万人,接近四分叁的工作人士,然而那么些失掉工作人口却在其范围之外。

4、For many who are covered,payoutsare low. In a recent study, PwC, a
consultancy, noted that since the MPF was set up in 2000, its annual
returns had been 2.8% on average.

payout,那里的payout与上文的情趣同样呢(向内获得养老金)?依然指向外付出强积金?这里应该须要驰念其背景含义。为啥此段率先句用的是词组pay
out,而那里用的是单词payout?个人倾向后一种意义,即向外缴付。

限定内过三个人的交款标准不高。普道永华会计事务所以来的研究证明,自从强积金制度自三千年举行的话,每年的受益率维持在二.8%左右。

5、That is above the inflation rate, but stillpoorcompared with similar
schemes in other rich economies.

poor 除了贫困的意思外,还有不少引申义

它超过通胀率,但对照拥有类似保证制度的其余发达地区的话还是较低

翻译:

评论家们请求将1切的地区全体人给付养老金,而无论是其受益情形。甚至更激进的1对人呼吁通过增税来支撑(最近大部分香港人只供给开发很少的薪水所得税)。他们一如既往希望对强积金——1种强制性养老金安顿——做一些调动,并正在偷偷举办。强积金制度覆盖了280万人,接近四分之三的工作人士,但是这些失去工作职员却在其范围之外。范围内过三个人的缴费标准不高。普道永华会计事务所近来的探讨申明,自从强积金制度自2000年实践以来,每年的收益率维持在二.八%左右。它不止通胀率,但对待拥有类似有限支撑制度的任何发达地区来说依旧较低。

二)分布式音讯队列平台 (已开源,开源版本未更新最新
http://git.oschina.net/chejiangyi/Dyd.BusinessMQ) 

八、八段

Opponentsof change expresshorrorat Western countries’ ballooning welfare
bills. Some even say that families shouldshoulderthe burden of caring
for the old, as is traditional in Chinese societies. The government is
in aquandary. It believes that the anger of the poor
hasexacerbatedconflict between democrats and the establishment. To show
its concern, it held a publicconsultationlast year on how to ensure
“retirementprotection”. But its response to the suggestions made
byparticipantswas clear: universal pensions would be too expensive.
Boosting themeans-testedsystem would be a better choice.

分析:

1、Opponents of change express horror at Western countries’ ballooning
welfare bills.

“horror”有大吃壹惊、惧怕、厌恶的情致,此处联系下一句小编觉得应该用“厌恶”合适,从下一句中部分人以为家庭有担当照顾老年人的权利来看这一句,应该是对天堂的福利制度(高福利制度造成家庭不是照顾老人的首先责任人)的讨厌。

改善方案的反对者表明了对天堂国家频频膨胀的便利花费的切齿痛恨。

2、Some even say that families should shoulder the burden of caring for
the old, as is traditional in Chinese societies.

“even”那里用“更是”比“甚至”更适用,翻译为“有个外人尤其注脚家庭应该负责起照看老年人的权力和义务,那是华夏社会的历史观。”

3、To show its concern, it held a public consultation last year on how
to ensure “retirement protection”.

“concern”首要代表担忧、关注等,用在此间却又不是很纯粹。

朗文中有个对“sb’s
concern”的分解是“某人的职分”,假诺用在此间的话,its指代政党,相比说得通。

“show”有履行的情趣吧?

为了执行其职务,政党在2018年就什么样保证退休福利进行了1项民调。

翻译:

革新方案的反对者表明了对天堂国家不断膨胀的有利支出的厌恶。有个外人越是注明家庭应该负责起照看老人的权力和权利,那是炎黄社会的观念。政坛正陷入两难的境界。他们以为对贫困的气愤兴妖作怪了泛民派与建制派之间的争辨。为了进行其职分,政府在二〇一八年就如何保障退休福利进行了一项民调。然则参加者对改良方案的反响是妇孺皆知的:全面的养老金将会非凡昂贵。而升级经济境况调查系统会是3个更好的精选。

@车江毅 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

三)OpenApi开放平台 (已开源,开源版本未更新最新,开源名称待校订
http://git.oschina.net/chejiangyi/ApiView) 

@车江毅 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

四)BSF.EntityFramework  (待整治开源) @孙明 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

伍)分布式配置基本 (已开源,开源版本未更新最新
http://git.oschina.net/chejiangyi/Dyd.BaseService.ConfigManager) 

@车江毅 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

bet体育在线网址手机版,陆)分布式新闻推送平台(待整治开源) @孙明 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

7)分布式缓存中间件 (已开源,开源版本未更新最新
http://git.oschina.net/chejiangyi/XXF.BaseService.DistributedCache) 

@车江毅 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

八)分布式Tcp服务主导(待研究开发)

@孙明 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

九)分布式文件系统 (功用暂不足以推进开源)

十)分布式监察和控制核心 (已开源,开源版本未更新最新
http://git.oschina.net/chejiangyi/Dyd.BaseService.Monitor)

@车江毅 @徐龙  @陈虎伯

实践步骤

一)上传代码(新版本须建立新支行),整理文书档案(须求+demo+压测报告等),相关安装包(+安装文书档案等),readme简介。

      至git: http://git.oschina.net/chejiangyi (早先时期以商店情势开源,前期幸免行业商业竞争)

二)撰写博文介绍项目标意义,demo和行使等,宣布到同盟社知识库,发表到开源群,发表到开源社区。

开源QQ群

.net 开源基础服务 23854376八

开源基金

开设一定的开源基金和开源职责发表安插等。(现在较漫长的向上趋向,部分宗旨技术外包情势【部分高档宗旨技术人士不可能招募,就透过外包技术合营等情势】)

二. 绽放陈设

基础服务镜像开放布置: @陈虎伯 【安装咨询,使用难题采访,创新】
@徐龙【安装咨询,使用难题收集,革新】

一)基础服务镜像一.0版(内部测试版本->开放测试版本->正式稳定版)

二)基础服务镜像2.0版(内部测试版本->开放测试版本->正式稳定版) 

进行步骤

一)揭橥基础服务镜像内部测试版本,通过自然的事情职能验证其安居。(验证周期约三个月)

2)发表基础服务镜像开放测试版本,通过募集开源的申报难题,验证其安居。(验证周期约八个月)

三)发表基础服务镜像正式稳定版本,仅对内提供,一般不对伯公开。(产品公布的镜像版本须为稳定版镜像,并记录版本更新音讯)

总体规格

一)稳定版镜像不对外祖父开,对外开放仅为流行开放测试的基本功服务版本和跟进反馈。

     
基础服务镜像暂不对外允许购销利用权利,仅用于学习测试使用。(制止同行业商业竞争)

三. 举报安顿

交流QQ群: net 开源基础服务 23854376八

调换社区: oschina,和讯,csdn,5一cto等

源码开源: git.oschina.net,github等

透过线上qq群,社区,源码分享等八种水渠(还有线下的交换渠道),分享基础服务布署的战果和笔触,汇集志同道合只怕同壹须求的颜值,一起钻探总体趋势,细节,质量优化,同类产品提议等。

(根据经验:
一般至少五分之四的交换都以一对基础和废话,约五分之一的交换是值得沉思的,1/10的交换是值得立异和有价值的;
1/10中等结合集团实际业务和现实难点,5%的建议方可形成壹轮小本子迭代必要)

四. 线下安插

趋势: 打通线上和线下交换,集聚行业精英人才,打开技术沟通渠道

方式:
以QQ群和微信群为沟通汇聚点,通过策划线下圆桌会议,壹对多小型技术分享会议,技术专家诚邀分享,技术沙龙沟通等交换会议

距离: 1季度贰次,不限人数,不限大小

职员:
集团内部人士推荐的(其余集团)人才,QQ技术交换群的高级人才,行业内部享誉技术人才等

资金: 公司预算辅助

场合: 咖啡馆,小会议室等安静休闲场合

职能: 拓宽技术眼界,领会行业技术可行性,反馈一些股票总值的技能提议,
吸收接纳技术精英。

伍. 美丽安排

趋势: 以基础服务开源为主旨,宣传并加大开源技术为手段,高级技术人才人脉彼此传递(人才)个性,打通线上举报调换和线下会议分享,吸引并汇聚相关项指标技术人才(同时增强公司的技能影响力),形成一定范围的开源技术领域。

目的: 以开源吸引形成技术填补,互动,培育,并到合适机会招聘入职;且适用于用于深刻技术人才储备。

花样:
反馈布署,线下安插,人才储备关切(高级人才招聘时推荐公司开源社区并参预),集团里面职工推荐(曾经以为不错的技能同事),开源社区人才推荐(人脉传递)。

资金财产: 开源资本帮忙(未来设想开源基金安排,如部分高级大旨技术人士不恐怕招募,就经过外包技术合营,公布开源职分情势等格局)

六. 扶植布置

趋势:为商行技术开发职员开拓技术沟通另1扇窗口,有沟通才会有开拓进取。(除了企业里面培养和练习,交换外)

对象:以外部技术人才与其间支出在开源社区的互动交换,领悟实时的行业技术动态(行业技术情报和咨询,相关技术框架和创新等),打开开发人士的技艺视野和商讨,升高技能力量。

花样:在线社区(QQ,git技术报告,开源社区)等交流调换。

举例来说:壹些技艺困难,一些技艺疑难难题,壹些压测的质量目标等都能够在开源社区建议并咨询切磋。

开源规划总计

开源社区和生态的向上,就如集团事情的升高平等,是逐日形成的;即便以近来铺面的各方面现状,想法实在各地点实际落地为风尚早;

只是做为技术长时间布置和发展展望,我们如故必要时刻提示本身的对象和大势,并严刻必要本身代码和文书档案等各方面的品质供给,并不断完善且稳步推进。

(为驾驭并清晰以后集团开源技术的对象和倾向,本规划文书档案需保存以作备忘。文书档案分不一致时段完结,未校验文字,不足之处须见谅)

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